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Villa Borghese, occupying 6 square kilometres, is the largest public park in Rome. Commissioned by cardinal Scipione Borghese, nephew of Pope Paul V, it was enlarged in 1800 by Giovanni Canina. A walk through the park will take you to such notable sights as: the 'Giardino del Lago' (garden of the lake) the 'Tempietto Greco' (small Greek temple) from 1700; and the Piazza di Siena, a picturesque race course surrounded by pines, which hosts horse races and folklore festivals.
Don't miss the 'Fortezzuola' a replica of a medieval castle, which houses the Museo Canonico. This massive park, surrounded by nature, is home to many hidden art treasures. On the extreme north end of the park houses the most important zoo in all of Italy, the 'Bioparco'.
Canonica, in turn, donated all his works to the city, who created the museum in his honor; which was opened in 1960. A visit to the museum includes the area that was once his apartment and art studio.
GALLERIA NAZIONALE D'ARTE MODERNA
The works are divided into four sections, with the outer perimeter of the gallery reserved for sculptures. Represented in the gallery, are works from famous national and international innovators in technique and style. Notable among them are: Pollock, Tapier, Fontana and Burri. The last room is dedicated to temporary exhibits, and in particular new acquisitions.
MUSEO NAZIONALE ETRUSCO DI VILLA GIULIA
This 16th century Villa, originally the residence of Pope Julius III, surrounds two separate courtyards, divided by a lily pond. It is a splendid setting for its contents, which come mainly from southern Etruria, rich in its historical context, as a crossroads of communication for the central Mediterranean. The most important works include: the 'Vulci' bronzes, the famous 'Apollo of Veio' from the 6th century B.C., and the husband and wife sarcophagi from Cerveteri. The museum offers various itineraries, which also include a subterranean trip under the villa, offering such works as: the 'Lilly pond' the Augustinian era 'Virgin aqueduct' and Pope Julius III's 'neviera' (underground freezer).
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